Cameroon’s natural potential in cattle breeding has been challenged by the availability in quantity, quality, time and place, of pastoral resources and infrastructure. Limited access to these production factors is considered to be one of the causes of the low productivity of pastoral systems. Based on this observation, PRODEL has devoted its component 2, especially sub-component 2.1, to “enhancing the production practices of pastoral farming and community management of pastoral zones”.
The objective is to increase the productivity of pastoral systems through the efficiency of production factors, in particular pastoral infrastructure (pastures, water points, sanitary intervention parks, cattle tracks, etc.), pastoral resources (pastures) and community work, surety for optimal management of pastoral zones, securing pastoralists’ access to pastoral resources and infrastructure as well as reducing conflicts.
La mise en œuvre de la sous-composante 2.1 s’articule autour de trois activités : le développement participatif des Plans de gestion des ressources pastorales, PGRP, la mise en œuvre des sous-projets issus d’eux, et l’amélioration des pratiques de production pastorales.
The implementation of sub-component 2.1 revolves around three activities : the participatory development of pastoral resource management plans, PRMPs, the implementation of sub-projects resulting from them, and the enhancement of pastoral production practices.
As part of the participatory development of PRMPs and the implementation of sub-projects, PRODEL has signed co-funding agreements with 30 target municipalities in the Far-North (10), North (8), Adamawa (8) and East (4) regions. PRMPs presents the case study of the municipality, its baseline situation, mapping of pastoral resources, participatory diagnosis of pastoral resources and infrastructure, a three-year planning of sub-projects on pastoral resources, programming and annual budget of sub-projects on pastoral resources’ management.
It is therefore included in the Council Development Plan (CDP) drawn up by the National Participatory Development Programme, PNDP.
As of now, 17 PRMPs have been drafted and 13 are under completion. The implementation of sub-projects on pastoral resource management is carried out through a co-funding mechanism. It fixes the contribution of PRODEL to 90% and that of the municipalities to 10%. An agreement binds these organizations. 17 municipalities are thus active in the implementation of PGRP sub-projects structured around pastoral resources, pastoral infrastructure and merchant equipment.
Pastoral resources consist of grazing zones to regenerate through the reforestation of palatable species, the sowing of natural pastures, assisted natural regeneration « ANR », the practice of scarified soil and sowing, the practice of control of invasive plants and vector control.
Pastoral infrastructure under sub-projects consists of zoo-sanitary intervention parks where vaccinations are carried out and also include the office of the attendant, a store, a toilet block/washroom and a pet toilet.