The sale of meat from small ruminants helps save money for health issues. These savings are used to treat the family in case of illness. This happens to be true for Ali. He has been in the business for 10 years now in Ebebda: “My parents live in the Far North region. Their survival, especially hospital fees, depends on my savings. They come exclusively from sheep and goats trade.”The sale of small ruminants mainly secures money for school concerns. Ali always resorted to it during affluent years: “The sale of my sheep allowed me to send the children to school. I no longer had any problems buying school supplies.” Raising small ruminants is an even more than an academic activity for Abdouraman Daouda, a community relay, in Ebedda. He is the father of two girls. The elder is a student in a high-school in the same city.
As for the last-born, she is still in primary school. Each of the daughter takes care of a sheep or a goat. The animals shall be sold come August or September on the eve of back to school. This secures them basic school fees and items : “Each family member is responsible for a few heads. The one in the high school right in front of you knows that she goes to school thanks to her ram. If she neglects it, she could risk destroying her own future.”Abdouraman Daouda cannot do without sheep and goats. Animals give him a prominent place in organizing religious, traditional and even institutional rituals: “I am a Muslim. So I have two holidays per year: Ramadan and Tabaski. I no longer buy sheep. All I have to do is to sacrifice one in my herd. I share this meal with friends and brothers. This saves me money. In addition, a friend can come up with a problem such as buying a goat or sheep. So I can only sell him an animal. The money I earn from it allows me to solve my own problems. I am the father of a large family.
I am the main supplier of sheep and goats to the authorities.” Faustin Bessala says that these are representative components of traditional chieftaincy. The opinion of the village chief of Djounyat is an unquestionable verdict: “Sheep and goats help you as you have to receive strangers. They are ritual animals to be sacrificed when your children get married”. PRODEL’s Animal Health Specialist ends it this way: “Small ruminants are raised by low-income citizens. These are animals for rural populations. Their restraint is easier. With this in mind, small ruminants are animals for women and children. They use it to build savings. Small ruminants are part of short-cycle livestock farming species. Their reproduction is fast. Milk is consumed in some places. Goat’s milk is of better quality and produces popular cheeses. ”