Meat must leave the village to feed the city. Rural people therefore represent a centre for the production of animal protein. The city then becomes a market. It is under the authority of a council. PRODEL counts a total of 30. Agreements link them to the Project as examples of decentralisation and local development. Councils were selected following a call for expression of interest. PRODEL and councils are collaborating to develop and implement the Pastoral Resource Management Plans, PRMPs.
It was done in compliance with participatory approach requirements. Indeed, the opinions of beneficiaries are prerequisites for successful implementation. Each adopted PRMP becomes a nondetachable chapter of the Council Development Plan. Each financial year benefits from a budget vote by Municipal Councillors. The City Council allocates an additional 10% of the cost of the PRMP. PRODEL provides 90%. Eligibility for PRMPs covers municipalities in Northern Cameroon and some in the East region.
A PRMP, far from the ordinary production of animal proteins, is an investment initiative. It is part of the sustainable development and management of pastures. A PRMP identifies and facilitates livestock owners’ access to pastoral resources : water, fodder, mineral salts and soil. It is a project for the production of pastoral infrastructures: boreholes, vaccination parks, transhumance corridors, cattle tracks and markets.
A PRMP represents, above all, the healthy collaboration of beneficiaries with pastoral institutions: zootechnical centres, livestock farmers’ associations, management committees and consultation platforms. They promote and support mechanisms for resolving agropastoral conflicts. A worthwhile PRMP insists on local ownership. The framework for the participation of local populations is the Management Committee.
At first glance, PRMPs are social exclusion initiatives. Indeed, access to resources such as land, flora and other products is becoming prohibited for local populations. However, their survival sometimes depends on it. At this level, a compensation mechanism exists. This is the Action Plan to Restrict Access to Resources, PARAR. It is developed and validated alongside the PRMP.
By Télesphore Mba Bizo